Today's Medal of Honor Moment for 5 October

 
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BurkardO Bandsman Oscar Burkard - Holder of the last Medal of Honor awarded for an Indian Campaign. Today is a busy day for the Medal, with 16 being awarded.  Two in the Civil War, eleven during the Indian Campaigns, two in WWI and one in WWII.  The award most out of the ordinary today is the last one earned that is credited to the Indian Campaigns.  I think you'll find the date is rather later than you'd expect.             First up are the two Civil War Medals, earned at Chancellorsville, Va, in 1863 and Allatoona Ga, in 1864.
LUTY, GOTLIEB
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 74th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863. Entered service at: West Manchester, Pa. Birth: Allegheny County, Pa. Date of issue: 5 October 1876. Citation: Bravely advanced to the enemy's line under heavy fire and brought back valuable information. CROFT, JAMES E. Rank and organization: Private, 12th Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery. Place and date: At Allatoona, Ga., 5 October 1864. Entered service at: Janesville, Wis. Birth: England. Date of issue: 20 March 1897. Citation: Took the place of a gunner who had been shot down and inspired his comrades by his bravery and effective gunnery, which contributed largely to the defeat of the enemy.  
Among the many weaknesses of my knowledge of military history is the Indian Campaign period, outside of Custer's travels and travails.  Which is inexcuseable, I suppose, given that I live outside the main headquarters of that series of small wars, Fort Leavenworth, and work not that far from where the Oregon Trail starts.  Aside from being a rather busy day (due, in no small part, to the requirements of winter logisitics on both sides) today has another distinction.  The last Medal earned for an Indian Campaign was earned on this day. I think you'll be surprised at *when* that day was. 5 October... 1898, at Leech Lake, Minnesota.  The event was overshadowed by the war with Spain, then ongoing.
ANDERSON, JAMES
Rank and organization: Private, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., 5 October 1870. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Canada East. Date of issue: 19 November 1870. Citation: Gallantry during the pursuit and fight with Indians. BOWDEN, SAMUEL Rank and organization: Corporal, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., 5 October 1870. Entered service at:------. Birth: Salem, Mass. Date of issue: 19 November 1870. Citation: Gallantry in pursuit of and fight with Indians. BURKARD, OSCAR Rank and organization: Private, Hospital Corps, U.S. Army. Place and date: At Leech Lake, Minn., 5 October 1898. Entered service at: Hay Creek, Minn. Born: 21 December 1877, Achern, Germany. Date of issue: 21 August 1899. Citation: For distinguished bravery in action against hostile Indians. [Note: This, the last Medal of Honor won in an Indian campaign, was awarded for an action during the uprising of Chippewa Indians, on Lake Leech, northern Minnesota, 5 October 1898.] DOSHIER, JAMES B. Rank: Post Guide during Indian Wars. Place: Holliday Creek, Texas. Little Wichita River. Date: 5 October 1870. Entered service: Fort Richardson, Texas. Born: Warren County, Tennessee, 2 May 1820. G.O. No. ----- Issue date: 19 November 1870. Issue place: ----- Citation: Gallantry in action and on the march. GRIMES, EDWARD P. Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., 29 September to 5 October 1879. Entered service at:------. Birth: Dover, N.H. Date of issue: 27 January 1880. Citation: The command being almost out of ammunition and surrounded on 3 sides by the enemy, he voluntarily brought up a supply under heavy flre at almost point blank range. JOHNSON, HENRY Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 9th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., 2-5 October 1879. Entered service at:------. Birth: Boynton, Va. Date of issue: 22 September 1890. Citation: Voluntarily left fortified shelter and under heavy fire at close range made the rounds of the pits to instruct the guards, fought his way to the creek and back to bring water to the wounded. KEATING, DANIEL Rank and organization: Corporal, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., 5 October 1870. Entered service at:------. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 19 November 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action and in pursuit of Indians. MOQUIN, GEORGE Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., 29 September to 5 October 1879. Entered Service at: ---------. Birth: New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 27 January 1880. Citation: Gallantry in action. ROACH, HAMPTON M. Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Milk River, Colo., 29 September to 5 October 1879. Entered service at:------. Birth: Concord, La. Date of issue: 27 January 1880. Citation: Erected breastworks under fire; also kept the command supplied with water 3 consecutive nights while exposed to fire from ambushed Indians at close range. WELCH, MICHAEL Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., 5 October 1870. Entered service at:------. Birth: Poughkeepsie, N.Y. Date of issue: 19 November 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action. WILSON, BENJAMIN Rank and organization: Private, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Wichita River, Tex., 5 October 1870. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Pittsburgh, Pa. Date of issue: 19 November 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action.
The Medal next surfaces during WWI,as the Meuse-Argonne Offensive drives the Germans eastward with just a bit of a month to go before the combat ended.  Today's second Medal citation makes you wonder if the Germans weren't well aware of how it was going to go.  
BALCH, JOHN HENRY
Rank and organization: Pharmacist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy. Place and date: Vierzy, France, and Somme-Py, France, 19 July and 5 October 1918. Entered service at: Kansas City, Mo. Born: 2 January 1896, Edgerton, Kans. Citation: For gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty, with the 6th Regiment, U.S. Marines, in action at Vierzy, on 19 July 1918. Balch unhesitatingly and fearlessly exposed himself to terrific machinegun and high-explosive fire to succor the wounded as they fell in the attack, leaving his dressing station voluntarily and keeping up the work all day and late into the night unceasingly for 16 hours. Also in the action at Somme-Py on 5 October 1918, he exhibited exceptional bravery in establishing an advanced dressing station under heavy shellfire. ELLIS, MICHAEL B. Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 28th Infantry, 1st Division. Place and date: Near Exermont, France, 5 October 1918. Entered service at: East St. Louis, Ill. Born: 28 October 1894, St. Louis, Mo. G.O. No.: 74, W.D., 1919. Citation: During the entire day's engagement he operated far in advance of the first wave of his company, voluntarily undertaking most dangerous missions and single-handedly attacking and reducing machinegun nests. Flanking one emplacement, he killed 2 of the enemy with rifle fire and captured 17 others. Later he single-handedly advanced under heavy fire and captured 27 prisoners, including 2 officers and 6 machineguns, which had been holding up the advance of the company. The captured officers indicated the locations of 4 other machineguns, and he in turn captured these, together with their crews, at all times showing marked heroism and fearlessness.  
WWII closes this day in history, with another Medal awarded for extraordinary actions in the brutal battle for Peleliu.
*KRAUS, RICHARD EDWARD
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve. Born: 24 November 1925, Chicago, Ill. Accredited to: Minnesota. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with the 8th Amphibious Tractor Battalion, Fleet Marine Force, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, on 5 October 1944. Unhesitatingly volunteering for the extremely hazardous mission of evacuating a wounded comrade from the front lines, Pfc. Kraus and 3 companions courageously made their way forward and successfully penetrated the lines for some distance before the enemy opened with an intense, devastating barrage of hand grenades which forced the stretcher party to take cover and subsequently abandon the mission. While returning to the rear, they observed 2 men approaching who appeared to be marines and immediately demanded the password. When, instead of answering, 1 of the 2 Japanese threw a hand grenade into the midst of the group, Pfc. Kraus heroically flung himself upon the grenade and, covering it with his body, absorbed the full impact of the explosion and was instantly killed. By his prompt action and great personal valor in the face of almost certain death, he saved the lives of his 3 companions, and his loyal spirit of self-sacrifice reflects the highest credit upon himself and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his comrades.
*Asterisk indicates posthumous award. (John Donovan is a Legionnaire with the Department of Kansas with service in the U.S. Army. He blogs at his own website The Castle Argghhh!)
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News from the World of Military and Veterans Issues. Iraq and A-Stan in parenthesis reflects that the author is currently deployed to that theater.